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/* cairo-output-stream.c: Output stream abstraction
 *
 * Copyright © 2005 Red Hat, Inc
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it either under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation
 * (the "LGPL") or, at your option, under the terms of the Mozilla
 * Public License Version 1.1 (the "MPL"). If you do not alter this
 * notice, a recipient may use your version of this file under either
 * the MPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the LGPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-LGPL-2.1; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 * You should have received a copy of the MPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-MPL-1.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
 * Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY
 * OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the LGPL or the MPL for
 * the specific language governing rights and limitations.
 *
 * The Original Code is the cairo graphics library.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * Author(s):
 *      Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
 */


#define _BSD_SOURCE /* for snprintf() */
#include "cairoint.h"

#include "cairo-output-stream-private.h"
#include "cairo-compiler-private.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>

/* Numbers printed with %f are printed with this number of significant
 * digits after the decimal.
 */

#define SIGNIFICANT_DIGITS_AFTER_DECIMAL 6

/* Numbers printed with %g are assumed to only have %CAIRO_FIXED_FRAC_BITS
 * bits of precision available after the decimal point.
 *
 * FIXED_POINT_DECIMAL_DIGITS specifies the minimum number of decimal
 * digits after the decimal point required to preserve the available
 * precision.
 *
 * The conversion is:
 *
 * <programlisting>
 * FIXED_POINT_DECIMAL_DIGITS = ceil( CAIRO_FIXED_FRAC_BITS * ln(2)/ln(10) )
 * </programlisting>
 *
 * We can replace ceil(x) with (int)(x+1) since x will never be an
 * integer for any likely value of %CAIRO_FIXED_FRAC_BITS.
 */

#define FIXED_POINT_DECIMAL_DIGITS ((int)(CAIRO_FIXED_FRAC_BITS*0.301029996 + 1))

void
_cairo_output_stream_init (cairo_output_stream_t            *stream,
                           cairo_output_stream_write_func_t  write_func,
                           cairo_output_stream_flush_func_t  flush_func,
                           cairo_output_stream_close_func_t  close_func)
{
    stream->write_func = write_func;
    stream->flush_func = flush_func;
    stream->close_func = close_func;
    stream->position = 0;
    stream->status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    stream->closed = FALSE;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_output_stream_fini (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    return _cairo_output_stream_close (stream);
}

const cairo_output_stream_t _cairo_output_stream_nil = {
    NULL, /* write_func */
    NULL, /* flush_func */
    NULL, /* close_func */
    0,    /* position */
    CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY,
    FALSE /* closed */
};

static const cairo_output_stream_t _cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error = {
    NULL, /* write_func */
    NULL, /* flush_func */
    NULL, /* close_func */
    0,    /* position */
    CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR,
    FALSE /* closed */
};

typedef struct _cairo_output_stream_with_closure {
    cairo_output_stream_t        base;
    cairo_write_func_t           write_func;
    cairo_close_func_t           close_func;
    void                        *closure;
} cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t;


static cairo_status_t
closure_write (cairo_output_stream_t *stream,
               const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length)
{
    cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t *stream_with_closure =
        (cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t *) stream;

    if (stream_with_closure->write_func == NULL)
        return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;

    return stream_with_closure->write_func (stream_with_closure->closure,
                                            data, length);
}

static cairo_status_t
closure_close (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t *stream_with_closure =
        (cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t *) stream;

    if (stream_with_closure->close_func != NULL)
        return stream_with_closure->close_func (stream_with_closure->closure);
    else
        return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_output_stream_create (cairo_write_func_t         write_func,
                             cairo_close_func_t         close_func,
                             void                       *closure)
{
    cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t *stream;

    stream = malloc (sizeof (cairo_output_stream_with_closure_t));
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (&stream->base,
                               closure_write, NULL, closure_close);
    stream->write_func = write_func;
    stream->close_func = close_func;
    stream->closure = closure;

    return &stream->base;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_output_stream_create_in_error (cairo_status_t status)
{
    cairo_output_stream_t *stream;

    /* check for the common ones */
    if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY)
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR)
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error;

    stream = malloc (sizeof (cairo_output_stream_t));
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (stream, NULL, NULL, NULL);
    stream->status = status;

    return stream;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_output_stream_flush (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    cairo_status_t status;

    if (stream->closed)
        return stream->status;

    if (stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil ||
        stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error)
    {
        return stream->status;
    }

    if (stream->flush_func) {
        status = stream->flush_func (stream);
        /* Don't overwrite a pre-existing status failure. */
        if (stream->status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)
            stream->status = status;
    }

    return stream->status;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_output_stream_close (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    cairo_status_t status;

    if (stream->closed)
        return stream->status;

    if (stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil ||
        stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error)
    {
        return stream->status;
    }

    if (stream->close_func) {
        status = stream->close_func (stream);
        /* Don't overwrite a pre-existing status failure. */
        if (stream->status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)
            stream->status = status;
    }

    stream->closed = TRUE;

    return stream->status;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_output_stream_destroy (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    cairo_status_t status;

    assert (stream != NULL);

    if (stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil ||
        stream == &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error)
    {
        return stream->status;
    }

    status = _cairo_output_stream_fini (stream);
    free (stream);

    return status;
}

void
_cairo_output_stream_write (cairo_output_stream_t *stream,
                            const void *data, size_t length)
{
    if (length == 0)
        return;

    if (stream->status)
        return;

    stream->status = stream->write_func (stream, data, length);
    stream->position += length;
}

void
_cairo_output_stream_write_hex_string (cairo_output_stream_t *stream,
                                       const unsigned char *data,
                                       size_t length)
{
    const char hex_chars[] = "0123456789abcdef";
    char buffer[2];
    unsigned int i, column;

    if (stream->status)
        return;

    for (i = 0, column = 0; i < length; i++, column++) {
        if (column == 38) {
            _cairo_output_stream_write (stream, "\n", 1);
            column = 0;
        }
        buffer[0] = hex_chars[(data[i] >> 4) & 0x0f];
        buffer[1] = hex_chars[data[i] & 0x0f];
        _cairo_output_stream_write (stream, buffer, 2);
    }
}

/* Format a double in a locale independent way and trim trailing
 * zeros.  Based on code from Alex Larson <alexl@redhat.com>.
 * http://mail.gnome.org/archives/gtk-devel-list/2001-October/msg00087.html
 *
 * The code in the patch is copyright Red Hat, Inc under the LGPL, but
 * has been relicensed under the LGPL/MPL dual license for inclusion
 * into cairo (see COPYING). -- Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
 */

static void
_cairo_dtostr (char *buffer, size_t size, double d, cairo_bool_t limited_precision)
{
    struct lconv *locale_data;
    const char *decimal_point;
    int decimal_point_len;
    char *p;
    int decimal_len;
    int num_zeros, decimal_digits;

    /* Omit the minus sign from negative zero. */
    if (d == 0.0)
        d = 0.0;

    locale_data = localeconv ();
    decimal_point = locale_data->decimal_point;
    decimal_point_len = strlen (decimal_point);

    assert (decimal_point_len != 0);

    if (limited_precision) {
        snprintf (buffer, size, "%.*f", FIXED_POINT_DECIMAL_DIGITS, d);
    } else {
        /* Using "%f" to print numbers less than 0.1 will result in
         * reduced precision due to the default 6 digits after the
         * decimal point.
         *
         * For numbers is < 0.1, we print with maximum precision and count
         * the number of zeros between the decimal point and the first
         * significant digit. We then print the number again with the
         * number of decimal places that gives us the required number of
         * significant digits. This ensures the number is correctly
         * rounded.
         */

        if (fabs (d) >= 0.1) {
            snprintf (buffer, size, "%f", d);
        } else {
            snprintf (buffer, size, "%.18f", d);
            p = buffer;

            if (*p == '+' || *p == '-')
                p++;

            while (isdigit (*p))
                p++;

            if (strncmp (p, decimal_point, decimal_point_len) == 0)
                p += decimal_point_len;

            num_zeros = 0;
            while (*p++ == '0')
                num_zeros++;

            decimal_digits = num_zeros + SIGNIFICANT_DIGITS_AFTER_DECIMAL;

            if (decimal_digits < 18)
                snprintf (buffer, size, "%.*f", decimal_digits, d);
        }
    }
    p = buffer;

    if (*p == '+' || *p == '-')
        p++;

    while (isdigit (*p))
        p++;

    if (strncmp (p, decimal_point, decimal_point_len) == 0) {
        *p = '.';
        decimal_len = strlen (p + decimal_point_len);
        memmove (p + 1, p + decimal_point_len, decimal_len);
        p[1 + decimal_len] = 0;

        /* Remove trailing zeros and decimal point if possible. */
        for (p = p + decimal_len; *p == '0'; p--)
            *p = 0;

        if (*p == '.') {
            *p = 0;
            p--;
        }
    }
}

enum {
    LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG = 0x100
};

/* Here's a limited reimplementation of printf.  The reason for doing
 * this is primarily to special case handling of doubles.  We want
 * locale independent formatting of doubles and we want to trim
 * trailing zeros.  This is handled by dtostr() above, and the code
 * below handles everything else by calling snprintf() to do the
 * formatting.  This functionality is only for internal use and we
 * only implement the formats we actually use.
 */

void
_cairo_output_stream_vprintf (cairo_output_stream_t *stream,
                              const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
#define SINGLE_FMT_BUFFER_SIZE 32
    char buffer[512], single_fmt[SINGLE_FMT_BUFFER_SIZE];
    int single_fmt_length;
    char *p;
    const char *f, *start;
    int length_modifier, width;
    cairo_bool_t var_width;

    if (stream->status)
        return;

    f = fmt;
    p = buffer;
    while (*f != '\0') {
        if (p == buffer + sizeof (buffer)) {
            _cairo_output_stream_write (stream, buffer, sizeof (buffer));
            p = buffer;
        }

        if (*f != '%') {
            *p++ = *f++;
            continue;
        }

        start = f;
        f++;

        if (*f == '0')
            f++;

        var_width = FALSE;
        if (*f == '*') {
            var_width = TRUE;
            f++;
        }

        while (isdigit (*f))
            f++;

        length_modifier = 0;
        if (*f == 'l') {
            length_modifier = LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG;
            f++;
        }

        /* The only format strings exist in the cairo implementation
         * itself. So there's an internal consistency problem if any
         * of them is larger than our format buffer size. */

        single_fmt_length = f - start + 1;
        assert (single_fmt_length + 1 <= SINGLE_FMT_BUFFER_SIZE);

        /* Reuse the format string for this conversion. */
        memcpy (single_fmt, start, single_fmt_length);
        single_fmt[single_fmt_length] = '\0';

        /* Flush contents of buffer before snprintf()'ing into it. */
        _cairo_output_stream_write (stream, buffer, p - buffer);

        /* We group signed and unsigned together in this switch, the
         * only thing that matters here is the size of the arguments,
         * since we're just passing the data through to sprintf(). */

        switch (*f | length_modifier) {
        case '%':
            buffer[0] = *f;
            buffer[1] = 0;
            break;
        case 'd':
        case 'u':
        case 'o':
        case 'x':
        case 'X':
            if (var_width) {
                width = va_arg (ap, int);
                snprintf (buffer, sizeof buffer,
                          single_fmt, width, va_arg (ap, int));
            } else {
                snprintf (buffer, sizeof buffer, single_fmt, va_arg (ap, int));
            }
            break;
        case 'd' | LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG:
        case 'u' | LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG:
        case 'o' | LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG:
        case 'x' | LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG:
        case 'X' | LENGTH_MODIFIER_LONG:
            if (var_width) {
                width = va_arg (ap, int);
                snprintf (buffer, sizeof buffer,
                          single_fmt, width, va_arg (ap, long int));
            } else {
                snprintf (buffer, sizeof buffer,
                          single_fmt, va_arg (ap, long int));
            }
            break;
        case 's':
            snprintf (buffer, sizeof buffer,
                      single_fmt, va_arg (ap, const char *));
            break;
        case 'f':
            _cairo_dtostr (buffer, sizeof buffer, va_arg (ap, double), FALSE);
            break;
        case 'g':
            _cairo_dtostr (buffer, sizeof buffer, va_arg (ap, double), TRUE);
            break;
        case 'c':
            buffer[0] = va_arg (ap, int);
            buffer[1] = 0;
            break;
        default:
            ASSERT_NOT_REACHED;
        }
        p = buffer + strlen (buffer);
        f++;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_write (stream, buffer, p - buffer);
}

void
_cairo_output_stream_printf (cairo_output_stream_t *stream,
                             const char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;

    va_start (ap, fmt);

    _cairo_output_stream_vprintf (stream, fmt, ap);

    va_end (ap);
}

long
_cairo_output_stream_get_position (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    return stream->position;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_output_stream_get_status (cairo_output_stream_t *stream)
{
    return stream->status;
}

/* Maybe this should be a configure time option, so embedded targets
 * don't have to pull in stdio. */



typedef struct _stdio_stream {
    cairo_output_stream_t        base;
    FILE                        *file;
} stdio_stream_t;

static cairo_status_t
stdio_write (cairo_output_stream_t *base,
             const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length)
{
    stdio_stream_t *stream = (stdio_stream_t *) base;

    if (fwrite (data, 1, length, stream->file) != length)
        return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR);

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static cairo_status_t
stdio_flush (cairo_output_stream_t *base)
{
    stdio_stream_t *stream = (stdio_stream_t *) base;

    fflush (stream->file);

    if (ferror (stream->file))
        return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR);
    else
        return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static cairo_status_t
stdio_close (cairo_output_stream_t *base)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    stdio_stream_t *stream = (stdio_stream_t *) base;

    status = stdio_flush (base);

    fclose (stream->file);

    return status;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_output_stream_create_for_file (FILE *file)
{
    stdio_stream_t *stream;

    if (file == NULL) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error;
    }

    stream = malloc (sizeof *stream);
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (&stream->base,
                               stdio_write, stdio_flush, stdio_flush);
    stream->file = file;

    return &stream->base;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_output_stream_create_for_filename (const char *filename)
{
    stdio_stream_t *stream;
    FILE *file;

    if (filename == NULL)
        return _cairo_null_stream_create ();

    file = fopen (filename, "wb");
    if (file == NULL) {
        switch (errno) {
        case ENOMEM:
            _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
            return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
        default:
            _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR);
            return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil_write_error;
        }
    }

    stream = malloc (sizeof *stream);
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        fclose (file);
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (&stream->base,
                               stdio_write, stdio_flush, stdio_close);
    stream->file = file;

    return &stream->base;
}


typedef struct _memory_stream {
    cairo_output_stream_t       base;
    cairo_array_t               array;
} memory_stream_t;

static cairo_status_t
memory_write (cairo_output_stream_t *base,
              const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream = (memory_stream_t *) base;

    return _cairo_array_append_multiple (&stream->array, data, length);
}

static cairo_status_t
memory_close (cairo_output_stream_t *base)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream = (memory_stream_t *) base;

    _cairo_array_fini (&stream->array);

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_memory_stream_create (void)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream;

    stream = malloc (sizeof *stream);
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (&stream->base, memory_write, NULL, memory_close);
    _cairo_array_init (&stream->array, 1);

    return &stream->base;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_memory_stream_destroy (cairo_output_stream_t *abstract_stream,
                              unsigned char **data_out,
                              unsigned int *length_out)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream;
    cairo_status_t status;

    status = abstract_stream->status;
    if (unlikely (status))
        return _cairo_output_stream_destroy (abstract_stream);

    stream = (memory_stream_t *) abstract_stream;

    *length_out = _cairo_array_num_elements (&stream->array);
    *data_out = malloc (*length_out);
    if (unlikely (*data_out == NULL)) {
        status = _cairo_output_stream_destroy (abstract_stream);
        assert (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS);
        return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
    }
    memcpy (*data_out, _cairo_array_index (&stream->array, 0), *length_out);

    return _cairo_output_stream_destroy (abstract_stream);
}

void
_cairo_memory_stream_copy (cairo_output_stream_t *base,
                           cairo_output_stream_t *dest)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream = (memory_stream_t *) base;

    if (dest->status)
        return;

    if (base->status) {
        dest->status = base->status;
        return;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_write (dest,
                                _cairo_array_index (&stream->array, 0),
                                _cairo_array_num_elements (&stream->array));
}

int
_cairo_memory_stream_length (cairo_output_stream_t *base)
{
    memory_stream_t *stream = (memory_stream_t *) base;

    return _cairo_array_num_elements (&stream->array);
}

static cairo_status_t
null_write (cairo_output_stream_t *base,
            const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length)
{
    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

cairo_output_stream_t *
_cairo_null_stream_create (void)
{
    cairo_output_stream_t *stream;

    stream = malloc (sizeof *stream);
    if (unlikely (stream == NULL)) {
        _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
        return (cairo_output_stream_t *) &_cairo_output_stream_nil;
    }

    _cairo_output_stream_init (stream, null_write, NULL, NULL);

    return stream;
}